| Garlic is a plant of family of bow (Alliaceae). |
Leaves are flat, a bulb is difficult, consists of 2-50 teeth, each of which is covered by a hard coriaceous scale. In a wild kind meets almost everywhere. An ancient cultural plant, cultural forms, divide on strelkyushi and ordinary (not strelkyushi). Distinguish a spring and winter garlic.
Food use of
From the most ancient times a garlic is consumed - so, he was the component of meal yet for the builders of pyramids. In a fresh and canned kind a garlic is used in cookery (sausages, соленья and other).
Use in medicine of
In medicine apply preparations from the bulbs of garlic - tincture of garlic and alcoholic self-control (allisat), which strengthen the motive and secretory functions of alimentary canal, and other medications.
Appoint inward for suppression of processes of rotting and fermentation in an intestine (at the atony of intestine and colitis), also at high blood pressure and atherosclerosis. It is well-proven against viral action of garlic, in particular, a garlic helps to prevent a flu. The імуностимулююча and anticarcinogenic action of garlic preparations is foreseen.
In bulbs there are 35-42% dry matters, including 6,0-7,9% albumens, to a 7,0-28 vitamin of С (in a letter - to 80% mg), 0,5% sugars, 20-27% polysaccharidess. Taste
and smell of garlic is conditioned by the presence of essential oil (0,23-0,74%) in which аллицин is and other organic compounds of sulfide group (fitoncidi).