(Mangostane) (synonyms: mangust, mangustan, mangostin, garcinia).
Mangosteen (Garcinia of mangostana of L.) from family of Guttiferae which includes over 200 kinds, majority from which is given by foods garden-stuffs. The garden-stuffs of mangostin attribute to most delicious in the world, but here cultivate him on the limited areas and, foremost in Thailand, where on the whole plantations of trees of mangostin are occupied by a more than 9 thousand hectare. Grow a mangostin and on Philippines, in Indonesia of Malazii, M'yanme, Shri-lantsi, Honduras of
Nedivlyachis' on alike from mango the name, relatives these plants are not.
of Mangostinove a tree is a very slower-growing, direct plant with a pyramidal crown. It arrives at a height 6-25 meters; has an umber or almost black scaly bark. Inwardly a bark contains yellow resinous bitter lateks (Gummi-resina Gutti). Leaves evergreen, opposite короткочерешковые, prolate-lancet or elliptic, coriaceous and thin, rifle-green, slightly brilliant in chlor dull grounds. Leaves have length 9-25 see, width 4,5-10 see, with expressive pale veins. New leaves of pink color. Flowers are fleshy breadthways 4-5 see, can be masculine or bisexual on a the same tree. They bed by groups for 3-9 on the ends of branches; four have sepal and four oval fleshy petals with green and red spots on an external surface and yellow-red - on internal, and great number of stamens, however turned-over dusters do not give to pollen. Bisexual flowers grow single or in pairs on the ends of young branches, their petal can be chlor with the red or mainly red framing, and fall off quickly.
A fruit is crowned by a protuberant cup on the end of peduncle and from 4-8 by three-cornered smooth tracks of snout of pestle as a wall outlet on an apex, - round forms, smooth outwardly, by a size 3,4 - 7,5 see in a diameter; color from petunia to redder purple. A hide 6-10 мм in thick, red in a cut, purple-white inwardly. It contains bitter yellow латекс and paint purple juice. Inwardly from 4 to 8 particles are snow-white to juicy pulp (that in actual fact is beforefamilyes). A fruit can be without seed, or to have from one to five fully the developed seed, egg-shaped-prolate forms, slightly oblate, 2,5 see in length and 1,6 see in a width, connected with pulp. Pulp is from sourish and tender to distinctly taste sour and famous as surprisingly fragrant and delicious.