Pozhaluy, on popularity with a fig an apple-tree can compete only. However his garden-stuffs, more precisely than infructescence, far feed.
Family is a fig, which belongs to family of Mulberry unites about 1000 kinds the representatives of which grow mainly, in tropics or subtropics. In our south breadths (from places acquainted and near is Crimea, Krasnodarskiy edge, Daghestan, Transcaucasia, district of Tuapse) a caria rubber plant (Ficus of carica) got accustomed by a more frequent named фігововим tree or fig. Kariyskim a rubber plant is adopted at the place, what is considered the motherland of fig is a mountain area ancient Karii, provinces of Asia Minor.
Fig - one of ancient cultural plants. In obedience to Bible, Adam and Yeva, making attempt this forbidden fruit opened the nakedness and were outcast from paradise. In a culture a fig was grown at first in Arabia, where Finikey, Syria and Egypt was adopted from. In 9 в.до was A.D. left to Elladi, and here to America got only at the end of 16 ages. In Russian the specific name rubber «plant» came in a 18 age and already a few changed is a «fig», from here is a fig tree. Were on Rus at this plant and other names are a fig tree fig, fig, смирнская berry.
In what reason of such popularity of fig? At first, useful matters in him though pour off: fresh garden-stuffs are contained by to 1.3% albumens, 11.2 sugars, acids only 0.5%. In the dried figs the fate of albumen is increased to 3-6%, to sugar - to 40-50%, that gives to them to deep sweet taste and feeling of satiety (calorie content of the dried garden-stuffs - 214ккал/100г). There are in them and vitamins (V-karotin
V1, V3, RR, From), and mineral matters (sodium - 18мг/100г, potassium - 268, calcium - to 34, magnesium - to 20, phosphorus - to 32). Potassium so many, that on his content a fig yields to only the nuts. Secondly very already an overcrop is to 20 tons on a hectare. Thirdly unpretentious: can grow on poor earths, stony tali rocks, stone walls. However, powerful trees meet in the valleys of the rivers, in the conditions of good water supply. A fig begins to bear fruit on 2-3, living to 30-60, and on occasion to 300 years.
С of old pores of fig use in medicine. They were applied as a mean from a cough, from the diseases of throat, for what infructescences brewed boiling water or hot milk. Pulp of garden-stuffs owns a good sudoriific and febrifuge action. Except for that iron in a fig more than in apples, that is why he was recommended by a patient, suffering irondifit anaemia. How in leaves contained kymarin (matter which promotes the sensitiveness of organism to the sun radiation), they found the use also. Preparation of furalen, got from leaves, a baldness and вітиліго is used at some kinds, thus, cut and essential oils are repressed by growths of some mushrooms and morbific bacteria.