HOW CORRECTLY to KEEP POTATO?
doctor of agricultural sciences Anatoliy Kushnarev: "Underground, basements of
of pig - any depository clears up from tailings of garbage and for
of disinfection processed from within by solution of chloric lime. Better
all for treatment a chlorine to apply a sprinkler or, if he is not
it is simple to whitewash midwalls of depository by a brush. As a last resort
can be used an ordinary build lime, to which is added by
100 гр. chlorine or 50 гр. known whites "Linen". It is possible
to apply the special smoke checkers, present on sale. After
of treatment a depository good gets some fresh air air.
Very much of
worthily, that place of storage of potato little two compartments: one - for
of food tubers, other - for seminal. If one pit, then it
it is easily possible to partition off boards, wooden shields, simply dense
by a cardboard. Often (especially in garage basements) walls and bottom are done from
of concrete. A potato at storage nowise must not touch
of this building material. That is why pits to enclose from within even on
of distance 10-15 see from a concrete wall or concrete floor.
It is necessary
also preliminary to provide oneself a thermometer, that to control the temperature of
during storage of harvest (and better two: to fix one above an embankment or
by a compartment, other - on the embankment of tubers). A harvest is brought from the area of
examine once again, before to pawn on storage. Large
in size food tubers must be saved separately from
middle seminal. All tubers staggered by illnesses are bracked and
is used above all things. After sorting and drying pour out in
pit or compartments straight from B/Ss.
To end of
of September the jast geathered potato must intensively breathe, that is why
needs to be well ventilated air. For this purpose must be opened
all openings and vents, hatches of depository. In October (approximately
20-25 numbers) October at achievement into the depository of temperature 9-10
of degrees all vent openings can be closed. If you pawned
the well dried out and selected potato, then problems with storage of
it will be, but if you caught an unpleasant smell - it is needed quickly to do
partition, destroying tubers which festered. From the second half of November worthily
constantly to hold the temperature of air at the level of 3-5 degrees. And in
embankments are 2-3 degrees, at relative humidity 85-90%. At more
breathing of tubers and loss of dry
of matter increases a high temperature: they gradually lose the mass and shrivel,
go down taste qualities.
If the temperature of С the middles of March of
of storage will reduce to 0 +1, then a potato will become a bit sweetish and
that is why less suitable for storage. In fury the January frosts of
must be concealed embankment by any warming material or to put
temporally in a depository electroheater. More main all - to shut out
of freezing slightly of tubers.
are needed, as well as in winter, to watch after the temperature of air in a depository, assuming it sharp increase even to 7- 8 degrees. Does not hurry early
to open vent openings of depository in spring. For support of
of temperature of air in him at the level of 3-4 degrees it is necessary to open
them on night for penetration of cold air".